Leopoldo Ribeiro-Filho, chefe do grupo de uretra e engenharia tecidual da Divisao de Urologia do HCFMUSP
The treatment of severe urethral stenosis has always been a challenge even for skilled urologists. Classic urethroplasty, skin flaps and buccal mucosa grafting may not be used for long and complex strictures. In the quest for an ideal urethral substitute, acellular scaffolds have demonstrated the ability to induce tissue regeneration layer by layer. After several experimental studies, the use of acellular matrices for urethral reconstruction has become a clinical reality over the last decade. In this presentation, we analyze advantages and limitations of both biological and polymeric scaffolds that have been reported in experimental and human studies. Important aspects such as graft extension, surgical technique and cell-seeding versus cell-free grafts will be discussed.